4 Options Survey ― Researching Flourishing for Sexual Minorities

The largest and most thorough study to date seeking to understand healthy and sustainable life paths for sexual minorities, including faith-based individuals.

The 4 Options Survey (2017) is to date the largest and most thorough study seeking to understand healthy and sustainable life paths for sexual minorities, including faith-based individuals to investigate if or how religious/spiritual issues are involved in respondents’ level of satisfaction and relationship or single status.

This survey was designed to identify important aspects of life and relationships for those who experience (or have experienced) same-sex sexual attractions and identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer (LGBQ), heterosexual, or with another sexual identity or reject a label, and analyze if there are any similarities or differences between those who are: 1) Single and celibate; 2) Single and not celibate; 3) In a heterosexual/mixed-orientation relationship; or 4) In a same-sex relationship.

Building on the success of the original 4 Options Survey in 2017, which provided invaluable insights and raised significant new questions—19 peer-reviewed articles have been published from the collected data—we are launching a new and updated study in 2024. Our 2024 study aims to delve deeper into the initial findings.

Sexuality and sexual identity can be personally sensitive and politically divisive. In order to be as comprehensive and inclusive as possible of different individuals’ and communities’ experiences, an ideologically diverse research team assembled to collaborate in the spirit of the work of social psychologist Jonathan Haidt and others in speaking to the importance of political diversity to advancing social science (see “Political diversity will improve social psychological science,” Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38, 1-58).

News & Magazine Articles Featuring the 4 Options Survey: 

Peer-Reviewed Research Based on 4 Options Survey Results: 

This following are the results of two distinct studies. The first section encompasses peer-reviewed articles summarizing data from the 4 Options Survey conducted in 2017.

Following this, a specific subset of the data was selected for further study. This subset included participants who had been baptized as members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at some point in their lives and consented to be part of a 10-year longitudinal study. This longitudinal component involves biennial follow-ups with the participants, allowing for an in-depth exploration of their experiences and perspectives over time.

Phase II data of the 4 Options Survey (2017)

10-Year Longitudinal Study, Wave 1 — Baseline Data

10-Year Longitudinal Study, Wave 2 — 2 Years Post-Baseline

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